Useful Github Commands


  • git init creates a new Git repository
  • git status inspects the contents of the working directory and staging area
  • git add adds files from the working directory to the staging area
  • git diff shows the difference between the working directory and the staging area
  • git commit permanently stores file changes from the staging area in the repository
  • git log shows a list of all previous commits


  • git checkout HEAD filename: Discards changes in the working directory.
  • git reset HEAD filename: Unstages file changes in the staging area.
  • git reset SHA: Can be used to reset to a previous commit in your commit history.


  • git branch: Lists all a Git project’s branches.
  • git branch branch_name: Creates a new branch.
  • git checkout branch_name: Used to switch from one branch to another.
  • git merge branch_name: Used to join file changes from one branch to another.
  • git branch -d branch_name


  • git clone: Creates a local copy of a remote.
  • git remote -v: Lists a Git project’s remotes.
  • git fetch: Fetches work from the remote into the local copy.
  • git merge origin/master: Merges origin/master into your local branch.
  • git push origin <branch_name>: Pushes a local branch to theorigin remote.

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